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Location Information
Where is it?
Iguazu Falls are located in the region bounded by the municipalities of Puerto Iguazu (Argentina), Foz do Iguacu (Brasil) and Ciudad del Este (Paraguay). It has been nominated for the Ret of the Mercosur as an International Touristic PoleTo preserve the falls and the surrounding Subtropical Forest the countries created 2 Nacional Parks: the Iguazú National Park in Argentina and the Iguaçu National Park in Brasil.The Iguazú National Park is located in the north east of the Misiones province and belongs to Iguazú county.The park is limited to the east by Andresito township, Yacuy Provincial Park, Caburé-í and Urugua-í Provincial Park; to the south by the San Jorge Perez Company S.A. Establishment; to the south west by the Península del Ejército Establishment and to the west by the Puerto Iguazú district.
Mapa Iguazu
82.227 habitants.(INDEC, 2010).
Población Iguazu
Iguazú National Park was created in 1934 by the 12.103 law,and covers an area of approximately 67.620 hectares. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984 owing to its beatifull landscapes and large biodiversity of the subtropical forest.
This natural sanctuary is located in the far NE of the Republic of Argentina. With large amounts of precipitation, warm temperatures (15ºC on average in winter and 30ºC in summer) and the thick vegetation acting as a windscreen, it experiences extremely high levels of humidity.
The Iguazú river flows for approximately 1320km until its outlet in the Paraná.
Its width generally varies between 500 and 1000m however within the park it broadens to 1.500 meters and it twists to the south, then back to the north, forming a huge U which contains the outlet. A sudden drop in altitude here is the reason for the impressive water falls which form the main attraction of the park.
In this large curved path, the rocky landscape fragments the river into a multitude of channels, each of these in turn become its own waterfall. This long fragmenting effect results in the fan of falls which gives the park its name.
The Park is reknowned for its natural heritage, which includes:
A native flora with over 2000 species including: ferns, bromelias, orchids, palms and many large species of tree which serve as scaffolding for an equally large variety of climbing plants. These in turn provides fruits which lure the local fauna such as coatíes and toucans to name a few examples.
450 kinds of birds, wich can often be observed in the open in the early morning and at nightfall You can likely easily see toucans urracas teros, parrot and the incredible vencejos. This last species is endemic to Iguazú Falls.
80 kinds of mammals, with five varieties of felines roving the forest.
Countless insects, specifically an immense quantity and variety of colorful butterflies.
Political Division
Iguazú National Park and Reserve (one of the first protected areas in Latin, Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984), are located in the northwest of the province of Misiones and cover an area of ​​67,000 hectares.It has an area of 550 km2 (212 sq mi).There are various national and international flights that touch down in Puerto Iguazú (Argentina), Ciudad del Este (Paraguay) and Foz do Iguaçu (Brazil). The Iguazú airport is located at a distance of 7 km from the Cataratas area.From Buenos Aires you can reach Puerto Iguazú by plane, by car or by bus via the national highways 14 and 12. From Posadas you get to Iguazú by car via the national highway 12.

Airlines to Iguazú:

From Buenos Aires: Aerolineas Argentinas and Lan Argentina.
From Brasil: Varig, Tam, Gol, Vasp.
From Paraguay: TAM.


Buenos Aires> 1 h. 30 min.
Montevideo> 1 h. 30 min.
Santiago de Chile> 2 h. 45 min.
San Pablo> 1 h. 50 min.


By overland route, you can access the Park via the national highway 12 and via the national highway 101 which leads through the National Park. The nearest city to the Park is Puerto Iguazú located 17 kilometers from the Park.
Warm weather generally has an average temperature of 15 ° C for June and July, and 25 ° C for December and January. The winds from the Atlantic rains cause around 2,000 mm per year and relative humidity ranges between 75 and 90%. While the National Park preserves nature and natural processes altered in the least possible, the reserve supports human activities and infrastructure.

Point of Interest