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San Luis

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San Luis
Where is it?
San Luis has been chosen by nature to establish its wonderful and amazing masterpieces.From San Luis mountain ranges at the south to Comechingones mountain ranges, many villages full of history, melancholy and beauty are found, as well as little valleys, streams of clear water, dams and volcanic hills.Far from the noise and the big city, San Luis is the accurate and perfect entrance to the nature and the lost history that come to life again through the old trees, abandoned mines or by the trace of that sometimes was a secret city only known by world superpowers.The province of San Luis might be described metaphorically as a "golden rectangle" where diverse mountain ranges, climates, flora and fauna meet. In fact with a bit of imagination, the borders of the province can be viewed as forming a rectangle running from north to south with a clear division in the middle: the mountains lie to the north and flatlands to the south.The provinces of la Rioja and San Juan lie on the northern border of San Luis, with Mendoza to the west and La Pampa to the Southeast. The northern part of the province, dominated by the provincial capital of San Luis, has three chains of mountains running longitudinally, which are, from east to west: the Comechingones and the San Luis mountain ranges and lesser chains such as El Gigante and Alto Pencoso. The Comechingones mountains, shared with the province of Córdoba, enter the north-eastern corner of San Luis at Merlo, decreasing in altitude as they progress south.The western slope is the most precipitous whe the eastern incline, in the province of Córdoba, is gentler. "The Comechingones slope is very picturesque. The greyish rock running from the summit downward contrasts with the intense green of the wooded part of the slope when they meet at approximately 1300 above sea level.The thickly-wooded region benefits from less extreme climatic conditions and more abundant precipitation, as well as the innumerable mountains streams running down the incline. Tse courses of water have given rise to the numerous small settlements that dot the magnificent face of the mountain range".Forming a backdrop for the city of Merlo, the highest peak of the Comechingones range is Cerro de las Ovejas (2260m); further on to the south is the beautiful Cerro de la Bolsa (2126m) between Las Molles and Cortaderas. The Comechingones range covers a total of 100 kilometres within the borders of San Luis.The San Luis mountain range, confined to the province whose name it bears, rises up on its northern border, disappearing at punta de loos Venados near the provincial capital. This chain is 200 km long with an average altitude of approximately 1500 meters. A series of volcanic cones, such as Tomolosta and Sololosta, gives a special flavour to this mountain range.Lying to the west of the Comechingones and San Luis mountain ranges are three lesser chains: The Valle de Concarán mountains, a series of slopes to the Northwest and another to the south.The first is a scattered group- Tilisara, Estanzuela, Del Portezuelo- crowned by El Morro (1600m), whose summit is a curiously shaped, truncated cone, towering 950mts above the surrounding peaks. The mountain top is hollowed out with small volcanic cones scattered about.The next chain, on the border with the province of San Juan, is low and severely eroded. Thus, Guayaguas and Cantantal, and farther on, the impressive peak Las Quijadas, are a veritable "geological showplace", thanks to the effects of erosion over the centuries. Farther on, El Gigante rises up, along with a group of lesser offshoots, which include the fluted peaks known as the Cabras and the limestone-rich Alto Pecoso, which is currently being mined.
Mapa San Luis
• Total 431,588 population.
• Rank 19th.
• Density 5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
Población San Luis
San Luis' economy has, over the past generation, been among the most improved in Argentina. Its 2006 output, estimated at US$3.4 billion, yielded a per capita income of US$9,200 (somewhat above the national average).[5] Now the per capita income of the province is of US$ 13,500.
Before the tax incentives for industry applied in the province after 1982, its economy was more agricultural, this based mainly on maize and cattle, which is still very important specially related to dairies, meat plants, and tanneries.
Manufacturing, however, now contributes nearly half of San Luis' output, a higher proportion than in any other Argentine province. Of the industries installed in San Luis after the tax reform, mainly in the city of San Luis and in Villa Mercedes, it is worth mentioning the production of home appliances, textiles, ceramics, plastics, and paper/cardboard articles.
Mining is concentrated on construction materials such as limestone and marble, but also extracted are tungsten, uranium and salt.
Political division
The province is divided into nine departments (departamentos).
- Departamento Ayacucho (San Francisco del Monte de Oro)
- Departamento Belgrano (Villa General Roca)
- Departamento Chacabuco (Concarán)
- Departamento Coronel Pringles (La Toma)
- Departamento General Pedernera (Villa Mercedes)
- Departamento Gobernador Dupuy (Buena Esperanza)
- Departamento Junín (Santa Rosa de Conlara)
- Departamento Pueyrredón (San Luis)
- Departamento Libertador General San Martín (San Martín)
MAlthough the area best known, for its micro-climates is Merlo and environs, visitors should be reminded that many other places such as Nogolí, Quines, El Durazno and El Trapiche, to name only a few, are equally favoured in this regard. And there is more to come: another trait is clear skies assure the tourist the kind of climate that keeps him in a good mood throughout his visit. It is not for nothing that San Luis is visited by tourist all year round.Average annual temperature:17C .Average temperature in winter: 26C. Average temperature in summer: 22,8C.

From th floerist point of view, San Luis can be divided in Northern and Southern region.In the north, wild with plenty of vegetables, in to the south we find herbaceous plains.The highland forest has a great quantity of trees, especially in the deep gorges.Up to the 1400mts there are carob trees (black and white), ¨chañares¨, ¨talas¨(trees felling) and ¨molles¨. There are shrubs also, like the ¨garabato¨and the ¨espinillo¨and a great variety of herbs with different kind of flowers and leafs.
Over the 1400mts change the surroundings, little meadows with herbs, carnation and ¨tabaquillos¨.On the plains the species are the same, but the wild is thinner and the trees are smaller; towards the Northeast the wild is substituted by the ¨jarillal¨.In the south, the tree that predominates is the ¨Calden¨, over the sand dune brings up herbs and near the salines appears ¨jume¨and ¨zampa¨. There are many aromatics herbs like: rosemary, ¨peperina¨, ¨poleo¨(pennyroyal), paico, ¨cola de caballo¨, ¨verbena¨ and barba de piedra¨. San Luis mountains have their own species like: ¨guayacan¨ and ¨jaboncillo¨. Merlo has the typical ¨Coco¨(coconut) and Papagayos has the caranday palms.

FAUNA The best way of knowing the San Luis fauna is visiting the Guillermo Enrique Hudson museum in San Luis capital. In the museum there are 250 species of birds, 50 of mammals, 40 of reptiles and 350 of insects.
This museum opened in 1986.The most traditional animal is the deer of the Pampas, which appears in the Provincial Shield. It is little (no more than 70cm) and the most threaten of extinction species.The puma can be found in all the province, although it prefers the wild areas and scrublands that offer protection and the possibility to get food.It shuns from man and if the puma gets food in some place, it does not attack the cattle.
The ¨pichi-ciego pampeano¨ is a relative of the ¨peludo¨, it is little. The ñandu is found in the whole province, especially in the srub and pastures areas, because it can hide better.The ñandu is 1.80mts high, but it can be hunted by the puma because the ñandu can not fly.
The ¨pecari¨ is a relative of the wild boar and lives in the north of the province. It is an exclusive southamerican species.The ¨vizcacha¨ is not an exclusive provincial species, however it lives in all the province.
The Creole hare¨ is a docile animal and can live together with man easily. The little grey fox lives in the whole province, but it prefers big open places with short and dense vegetation.
The partridge flies a little and only hides through the landscape gets keeping alive. The condor lives in Quijadas, San Luis and Comechingones mountain ranges. It is 12kg weight and it flies up to 100km to get food.

Point of Interest